The International Crisis Group’s latest Crisis Watch update highlights continuing conflicts as well as looming threats which are causing mass population displacement.
Deteriorated Situations: Central African Republic, Somalia, Nigeria, Taiwan Strait, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Nicaragua, Israel/Palestine, Yemen, Libya
Conflict Risk Alerts: Burundi, Central African Republic, Israel/Palestine, Yemen
Resolution Opportunities: None
April saw the conflict in Yemen intensify, with both the Saudi-led coalition and Huthi forces increasing attacks – fuelling risks of further escalation in May.
At the Gaza-Israel border, Israeli forces continued to push back Palestinian protesters with deadly force; with larger protests expected in May, casualties could rise.
Eastern Libya’s strongman fell ill, prompting fears of further political and military splits.
In Afghanistan, the Taliban stepped up attacks, while Kashmir saw deadly clashes and protests.
Dozens were killed amid anti-government protests in Nicaragua.
In Nigeria, rising violence – especially between herders and farmers – left nearly 500 dead.
Burundi could see more political violence around its 17 May constitutional referendum, and a flare-up in attacks by armed groups in the Central African Republic could provoke worse bloodshed in coming weeks.
The United Arab Emirates’ withdrawal from Somalia led to clashes between army factions there.
On a positive note, Ethiopia’s new prime minister took steps to mitigate ethnic tensions.
In North East Asia, tensions escalated across the Taiwan Strait, while China-Japan relations continued to improve, and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and South Korean President Moon pledged to seek “complete denuclearisation” of the peninsula.