Understanding the impact of migration on housing is difficult, in part due to different definitions and statistics on migrants, says a briefing from the Parliamentary Office for Science and Technology (POST). But there is general agreement that any impacts are complex and indirect.
POST says that about 80% of foreign-born migrants who have been resident in the UK for less than 5 years live in the private rented sector, compared to about 20% of the UK-born population. Migrants with over a decade of residence tend to demonstrate similar levels of owner-occupation to the UK-born population.
And about a fifth of migrants live in social rented accommodation, similar to the UK-born population. There is no evidence that social housing allocation favours migrants.
Increased housing demand impacts negatively on wellbeing, risk of destitution and homelessness. Research suggests it may also exacerbate tensions at the community level and hinder integration.