Risk of school segregation, discrimination and restrictions on political participation can be insurmountable barriers to the integration of migrants in EU society, a new report from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) shows.
The report compares policies across the EU in areas important for successful integration. These include:
- Education:Migrant pupils face some form of school segregation in around half of EU Member States, often despite efforts by the authorities to prevent it.
- Youth:Fewer than half of Member States have action plans or strategies explicitly addressing youth with a migrant background, even though they can be important to avoid marginalisation, alienation and radicalisation.
- Discrimination:16 Member States do not protect migrants against discrimination on the basis of their nationality or status as migrant, refugee or foreigner, which can mask ethnic and racial discrimination.
- Language: Few Member States provide courses to all residents with limited language proficiency, including citizens of migrant background. At the same time, language learning programmes are rarely linked to employment, and job-specific or on-the-job language training courses are uncommon.